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Vummidi Bangaru Chetty

A Tapestry of Heritage, Craftsmanship, and legacy

It is our proud moment, and we take pride in creating the magnificent “Sengol” that now graces the newly constructed Parliament building. The Sengol was crafted by Sri Vummidi Ethiraj & Sri Vummidi Sudhakar of the Vummidi Bangaru Chetty family. It is made of over 100 sovereigns of gold and is engraved with intricate designs and details. The Sengol represents the rich Tamil culture and is said to have been used by the Chola kings. It symbolises the king’s dharma or duty to rule his kingdom well. It reminds the king that he is responsible for the welfare of his subjects and that he must rule with justice and fairness.

Recently, the Sengol has become a topic of political discussion. On May 28, 2023, the Indian government installed the Sengol in Naya Sansad Bhavan, the new Parliament building. Prime Minister Narendra Modi performed a puja and installed the Sengol in the Lok Sabha chamber next to the Speaker’s chair. The incident, which revolves around Sengol, was commissioned by Thiruvavaduthurai Adheenam in Tamil Nadu. This was made at the request of Shri C Rajagopalachari to mark the transfer of power in 1947. The task of crafting the golden Sengol was entrusted to the family of Vummidi Bangaru Chetty.

On the 14th of August 1947 at 11:45 pm, Viceroy Lord Mountbatten presented Sengol to India’s first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, signifying the formal transfer of power from the British to the Indian government. It was then kept in the Nehru Gallery of the Allahabad Museum in Prayagraj, India. The Sengol was last seen in public in 1947, and it is now restored and installed in the new Parliament building as the result of Dr Padma Subrahmanyam’s letter to PM Modi. She wrote a letter referencing an article in a Tamil magazine, which sparked a chain of events that brought the Sengol back to prominence.

Sengol Features

The design of the Sengol is based on the traditional Tamil sceptre, which is a symbol of power and authority. The Sengol is made of gold and silver, which are considered to be precious metals in Hindu tradition.
Nandi: The top of the Sengol is adorned with a statue of a Nandi, which is a sacred animal in Hinduism. The Nandi represents dharma, which is the Hindu concept of Justice.

Goddess lakshmi: The second layer is engraved with the image of the goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity. Her presence is meant to bring financial success and good luck.

Kodimaram: The stem is engraved with the image of kodimaram, a sacred tree that is associated with the Hindu god Vishnu. Kodimaram is a symbol of growth and fertility. Together, the three layers of the Sengol represent the three pillars of a successful life: justice, wealth, and growth.


British relinquishment of Control: In a pivotal moment in history, Lord Mountbatten sought guidance from Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for the symbolic action of the transfer of power to India in 1947. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, in turn, consulted Shri C. Rajagopalachari, who delved into the history and civilisation of the land, drawing inspiration from the Chola kings and finding an answer.
The adheenams’ Blessings: The Adheenams, a non-brahmin Saivite order, have a long history of over 500 years. They were called upon by Shri Rajagolachari in 1947 to bless and oversee the transfer of power to Indian hands, leading to their visit to Delhi.

Vummidi Bangaru Chetty

Significance of the verse: Tamil poet St Thirugnanasambandar’s Kolaru Padhigam was recited during the transfer of power in 1947, symbolising blessings. The verse is believed to have significance in overcoming difficulties.

enduring Dynasty and influential Symbol: The transfer of power from one Chola king to their successor was symbolised by the Sengol, a potent emblem that later became associated with India’s independence in August 1947. The Cholas were a prominent dynasty in the Indian subcontinent and held power for an extensive period. Their rule extended across different regions until the 13th century CE.

A Symbol of Justice and power Transfer: Adorned with a magnificent Nandi and hand-crafted by the trusted jeweller Vummidi Bangaru Chetty, the Sengol was ordered by the Adheenam as a symbol of just rule. It was entrusted to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1947, representing the transfer of power.

Global Spotlight on Historic power Transfer: Media reports captured the historic transfer of power, garnering widespread attention both locally and globally, emphasising the significance of the moment.

momentous recollection of The Sengol: The Sengol, once concealed, emerged again and was brought to light on August 15, 1978, by the profound recollections of the revered Maha Periava. The nation showed gratitude for his cherished remembrance of that historic occasion.

The Timeless power of Symbols: Symbols hold great significance, as they carry deep meanings and remain relevant over time. They provide a sense of something special to cherish, like the Sengol symbol, representing the transfer of power to Indian hands.

About Vummidi Bangaru Chetty

We are a renowned jewellery store based in Chennai, India. Vummidi Bangaru Chetty Jewellery ( VBC ) was founded and established in the year 1900, by Sri Vummidi Bangaru Chetty. The business was carried forward by his sons Sri Vummidi Sreeramulu Chetty, Sri Vummidi Anjeneyulu Chetty and Sri Vummidi Anantham Chetty. Ever since VBC have gained a reputation for elegant and magnificent jewellery. VBC takes pride in preserving India’s cultural heritage and is known for its focus on South Indian culture.

As a family-owned business, VBC has been passed down for generations, contributing to its long-standing presence in the jewellery industry. We are one of the most trusted jewellery, known for our commitment to quality and craftsmanship. With our rich heritage and unwavering commitment to quality, we now take immense pride in extending our legacy to the esteemed Naya Sansad Bhavan, the new parliament. The meticulously crafted Sengol stands as a symbol of our exquisite craftsmanship and unwavering dedication to preserving India’s cultural heritage.