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Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni,or simply the Buddha, was a sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in northeastern India sometime between the sixth and fourth centuries BC. The word Buddha means "awakened one" or "the enlightened one". "Buddha" is also used as a title for the first awakened being in a Yuga era. In most Buddhist traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the Supreme Buddha (Pali sammāsambuddha, Sanskrit samyaksaṃbuddha) of the present age. Gautama taught a Middle Way between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement[5] common in his region. He later taught throughout regions of eastern India such as Magadha and Kosala.There is nothing that Buddha does not know. Because he has awakened from the sleep of ignorance and has removed all obstructions from his mind, he knows everything of the past, present, and future, directly and simultaneously. Moreover, Buddha has great compassion which is completely impartial, embracing all living beings without discrimination. He benefits all living beings without exception by emanating various forms throughout the universe, and by bestowing his blessings on their minds. Through receiving Buddha’s blessings, all being, even the lowliest animals, sometimes develop peaceful and virtuous states of mind.

he core of earliest Buddhism is the practice of dhyāna. Dhyāna (Sanskrit) or Jnāna (Pali) means meditation in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. In Buddhism, it is a series of ‘cultivated states of mind’, which lead to "state of perfect equanimity and awareness (upekkhii-sati-piirisuddhl)”. Dhyana may have been the core practice of pre-sectarian Buddhism, but became appended with other forms of meditation throughout its development. In the Mahasaccaka Sutta, dhyana is followed by insight into the four truths. The mention of the four noble truths as constituting "liberating insight" is probably a later addition